Cybersecurity is the process of protecting data, computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks and databases from attack. It includes defensive tactics like antivirus protection, firewalls and two-factor authentication.
It also consists of best practices and processes like staff training on how to avoid common cybersecurity risks such as deleting suspicious email attachments, not plugging in unknown USB drives and other best practices.
What is Cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting internet-connected systems, hardware, software, data and devices from digital attacks that can lead to identity theft, financial loss and a host of other serious consequences. It is a complex field that relies on multiple layers of defense, including technology controls, people-centered awareness and behavior training and risk management techniques.
In the modern world, we live in a highly connected world that relies on technology for almost everything, from communication to entertainment and even our health care. But that hyper-connected lifestyle also comes with significant risks, like phishing schemes, ransomware assaults and data breaches.
Cybersecurity experts work tirelessly to prevent cyberattacks by establishing safeguards that protect sensitive information and programs from unauthorized access, destruction or interference. They safeguard data that includes intellectual property, personal information, financial information and government and business systems. And, they ensure that websites remain functional and accessible, as well, by preventing denial-of-service attack attempts. This is an exciting and vital career path to consider, with a massive need for qualified professionals and a growing salary range.
How do I Protect Myself Online?
Cybercriminals are targeting your personal information – your identity, financial data, medical records and more – to cause you harm or steal from you. It’s a lot of work to keep your personal information safe online, but there are steps you can take.
Make sure your devices, software and apps are up to date; this will help thwart many cyberattacks. Also, don’t click on suspicious links or download files from unknown sources. Use strong, complex passwords and multi-factor authentication wherever possible to prevent hackers from accessing your accounts.
It’s important to have a firewall on your computer and to use it regularly. Hackers search the internet for computers, the same way telemarketers call random phone numbers, and a firewall blocks those calls. If you’re unsure how to set up a firewall on your device, check with the manufacturer or your operating system for specific instructions. Also, if you use public Wi-Fi on your home computer or mobile devices, consider using a VPN.
What Can I Do to Protect Myself?
Keeping personal information safe online is now almost a full-time job. It’s important to learn about the latest developments scammers, hackers and cybercriminals use in order to protect yourself from them. This can be done by reading news and blogs focusing on cyber security, as well as following cybersecurity experts on social media. It’s also essential to keep all of your devices and Internet-connected software up to date.
Using strong passwords is another great way to protect yourself. It’s also crucial to never save financial information on websites, and only shop at sites with a URL that begins with “https.”
Another important thing is to report any instances of cybercrime that you may be aware of to the IC3. Doing so can help law enforcement track down the perpetrators. Earning a degree in cybersecurity is also a great way to learn about strategies to prevent cyberattacks and improve the safety of your devices, data and personal information.